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MD2Data ()
  • >> MD2Data (3) ( FreeBSD man: Библиотечные вызовы )

  • BSD mandoc
     

    NAME

    
    
    MD2Init
    
     
    MD2Update
    
     
    MD2Pad
    
     
    MD2Final
    
     
    MD2End
    
     
    MD2File
    
     
    MD2FileChunk
    
     
    MD2Data
    
     - calculate the RSA Data Security, Inc., ``MD2'' message digest
    
     
    

    LIBRARY

    Lb libmd
    
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <md2.h>
    void MD2Init (MD2_CTX *context);
    void MD2Update (MD2_CTX *context const void *data unsigned int len);
    void MD2Pad (MD2_CTX *context);
    void MD2Final (unsigned char digest[16] MD2_CTX *context);
    char * MD2End (MD2_CTX *context char *buf);
    char * MD2File (const char *filename char *buf);
    char * MD2FileChunk (const char *filename char *buf off_t offset off_t length);
    char * MD2Data (const void *data unsigned int len char *buf);
     

    DESCRIPTION

    The MD2 functions calculate a 128-bit cryptographic checksum (digest) for any number of input bytes. A cryptographic checksum is a one-way hash-function, that is, you cannot find (except by exhaustive search) the input corresponding to a particular output. This net result is a ``fingerprint'' of the input-data, which does not disclose the actual input.

    MD2 is the slowest, MD4 is the fastest and MD5 is somewhere in the middle. MD2 can only be used for Privacy-Enhanced Mail. MD4 has now been broken; it should only be used where necessary for backward compatibility. MD5 has not yet (1999-02-11) been broken, but sufficient attacks have been made that its security is in some doubt. The attacks on both MD4 and MD5 are both in the nature of finding ``collisions'' [en] that is, multiple inputs which hash to the same value; it is still unlikely for an attacker to be able to determine the exact original input given a hash value.

    The MD2Init (,);
    MD2Update (,);
    and MD2Final ();
    functions are the core functions. Allocate an Vt MD2_CTX , initialize it with MD2Init (,);
    run over the data with MD2Update (,);
    and finally extract the result using MD2Final (.);

    The MD2Pad ();
    function can be used to pad message data in same way as done by MD2Final ();
    without terminating calculation.

    The MD2End ();
    function is a wrapper for MD2Final ();
    which converts the return value to a 33-character (including the terminating '\0') ASCII string which represents the 128 bits in hexadecimal.

    The MD2File ();
    function calculates the digest of a file, and uses MD2End ();
    to return the result. If the file cannot be opened, a null pointer is returned. The MD2FileChunk ();
    function is similar to MD2File (,);
    but it only calculates the digest over a byte-range of the file specified, starting at Fa offset and spanning Fa length bytes. If the Fa length parameter is specified as 0, or more than the length of the remaining part of the file, MD2FileChunk ();
    calculates the digest from Fa offset to the end of file. The MD2Data ();
    function calculates the digest of a chunk of data in memory, and uses MD2End ();
    to return the result.

    When using MD2End (,);
    MD2File (,);
    or MD2Data (,);
    the Fa buf argument can be a null pointer, in which case the returned string is allocated with malloc(3) and subsequently must be explicitly deallocated using free(3) after use. If the Fa buf argument is non-null it must point to at least 33 characters of buffer space.  

    SEE ALSO

    md2(3), md4(3), md5(3), sha(3)
    B. Kaliski The MD2 Message-Digest Algorithm RFC 1319
    R. Rivest The MD4 Message-Digest Algorithm RFC 1186
    R. Rivest The MD5 Message-Digest Algorithm RFC 1321
    RSA Laboratories Frequently Asked Questions About today's Cryptography <http://www.rsa.com/rsalabs/faq/>
    H. Dobbertin Alf Swindles Ann CryptoBytes 1(3):5 1995
    MJ. B. Robshaw On Recent Results for MD2, MD4 and MD5 RSA Laboratories Bulletin 4 November 12, 1996
     

    HISTORY

    These functions appeared in Fx 2.0 .  

    AUTHORS

    The original MD2 routines were developed by RSA Data Security, Inc., and published in the above references. This code is derived directly from these implementations by An Poul-Henning Kamp Aq phk@FreeBSD.org

    Phk ristede runen.  

    BUGS

    No method is known to exist which finds two files having the same hash value, nor to find a file with a specific hash value. There is on the other hand no guarantee that such a method does not exist.

    MD2 has only been licensed for use in Privacy Enhanced Mail. Use MD4 or MD5 if that is not what you are doing. Copyright (C) 1990-2, RSA Data Security, Inc. Created 1990. All rights reserved.

    License to copy and use this software is granted for non-commercial Internet Privacy-Enhanced Mail provided that it is identified as the "RSA Data Security, Inc. MD2 Message Digest Algorithm" in all material mentioning or referencing this software or this function.

    RSA Data Security, Inc. makes no representations concerning either the merchantability of this software or the suitability of this software for any particular purpose. It is provided "as is" without express or implied warranty of any kind.

    These notices must be retained in any copies of any part of this documentation and/or software.


     

    Index

    NAME
    LIBRARY
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY
    AUTHORS
    BUGS


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