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SHA1_Data ()
  • >> SHA1_Data (3) ( FreeBSD man: Библиотечные вызовы )

  • BSD mandoc
     

    NAME

    
    
    SHA_Init
    
     
    SHA_Update
    
     
    SHA_Final
    
     
    SHA_End
    
     
    SHA_File
    
     
    SHA_FileChunk
    
     
    SHA_Data
    
     
    SHA1_Init
    
     
    SHA1_Update
    
     
    SHA1_Final
    
     
    SHA1_End
    
     
    SHA1_File
    
     
    SHA1_FileChunk
    
     
    SHA1_Data
    
     - calculate the FIPS 160 and 160-1 ``SHA'' message digests
    
     
    

    LIBRARY

    Lb libmd
    
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <sha.h>
    void SHA_Init (SHA_CTX *context);
    void SHA_Update (SHA_CTX *context const unsigned char *data size_t len);
    void SHA_Final (unsigned char digest[20] SHA_CTX *context);
    char * SHA_End (SHA_CTX *context char *buf);
    char * SHA_File (const char *filename char *buf);
    char * SHA_FileChunk (const char *filename char *buf off_t offset off_t length);
    char * SHA_Data (const unsigned char *data unsigned int len char *buf);
    void SHA1_Init (SHA_CTX *context);
    void SHA1_Update (SHA_CTX *context const unsigned char *data size_t len);
    void SHA1_Final (unsigned char digest[20] SHA_CTX *context);
    char * SHA1_End (SHA_CTX *context char *buf);
    char * SHA1_File (const char *filename char *buf);
    char * SHA1_FileChunk (const char *filename char *buf off_t offset off_t length);
    char * SHA1_Data (const unsigned char *data unsigned int len char *buf);
     

    DESCRIPTION

    The SHA_ and SHA1_ functions calculate a 160-bit cryptographic checksum (digest) for any number of input bytes. A cryptographic checksum is a one-way hash function; that is, it is computationally impractical to find the input corresponding to a particular output. This net result is a ``fingerprint'' of the input-data, which does not disclose the actual input.

    SHA (or SHA-0 is the original Secure Hash Algorithm specified in FIPS 160. It was quickly proven insecure, and has been superseded by SHA-1 SHA-0 is included for compatibility purposes only.

    The SHA1_Init (,);
    SHA1_Update (,);
    and SHA1_Final ();
    functions are the core functions. Allocate an Vt SHA_CTX , initialize it with SHA1_Init (,);
    run over the data with SHA1_Update (,);
    and finally extract the result using SHA1_Final (.);

    SHA1_End ();
    is a wrapper for SHA1_Final ();
    which converts the return value to a 41-character (including the terminating '\0') ASCII string which represents the 160 bits in hexadecimal.

    SHA1_File ();
    calculates the digest of a file, and uses SHA1_End ();
    to return the result. If the file cannot be opened, a null pointer is returned. SHA1_FileChunk ();
    is similar to SHA1_File (,);
    but it only calculates the digest over a byte-range of the file specified, starting at Fa offset and spanning Fa length bytes. If the Fa length parameter is specified as 0, or more than the length of the remaining part of the file, SHA1_FileChunk ();
    calculates the digest from Fa offset to the end of file. SHA1_Data ();
    calculates the digest of a chunk of data in memory, and uses SHA1_End ();
    to return the result.

    When using SHA1_End (,);
    SHA1_File (,);
    or SHA1_Data (,);
    the Fa buf argument can be a null pointer, in which case the returned string is allocated with malloc(3) and subsequently must be explicitly deallocated using free(3) after use. If the Fa buf argument is non-null it must point to at least 41 characters of buffer space.  

    SEE ALSO

    md2(3), md4(3), md5(3), ripemd(3), sha256(3)  

    HISTORY

    These functions appeared in Fx 4.0 .  

    AUTHORS

    The core hash routines were implemented by Eric Young based on the published FIPS standards.  

    BUGS

    No method is known to exist which finds two files having the same hash value, nor to find a file with a specific hash value. There is on the other hand no guarantee that such a method does not exist.

    The IA32 (Intel) implementation of SHA-1 makes heavy use of the `bswapl' instruction, which is not present on the original 80386. Attempts to use SHA-1 on those processors will cause an illegal instruction trap. (Arguably, the kernel should simply emulate this instruction.)


     

    Index

    NAME
    LIBRARY
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY
    AUTHORS
    BUGS


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