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adding_user ()
  • >> adding_user (8) ( FreeBSD man: Команды системного администрирования )

  • BSD mandoc
     

    NAME

    
    
    adding_user
    
     - procedure for adding new users
    
     
    

    DESCRIPTION

    A new user must choose a login name, which must not already appear in /etc/passwd or /etc/mail/aliases It must also not begin with the hyphen `- ' character. It is strongly recommended that it be all lower-case, and not contain the dot `.' character, as that tends to confuse mailers. An account can be added by editing a line into the passwd file; this must be done with the password file locked e.g. by using chpass(1) or vipw(8).

    A new user is given a group and user id. Login and user id's should be unique across the system, and often across a group of systems, since they are used to control file access. Typically, users working on similar projects will be put in the same groups. At the University of California, Berkeley, we have groups for system staff, faculty, graduate students, and special groups for large projects.

    A skeletal account for a new user ``ernie'' might look like:

    ernie::25:30::0:0:Ernie Kovacs,508 Evans Hall,x7925,
            642-8202:/a/users/ernie:/bin/csh
    

    For a description of each of these fields, see passwd(5).

    It is useful to give new users some help in getting started, supplying them with a few skeletal files such as .profile if they use /bin/sh or .cshrc and .login if they use /bin/csh The directory /usr/share/skel contains skeletal definitions of such files. New users should be given copies of these files which, for instance, use tset(1) automatically at each login.  

    FILES

    /etc/master.passwd
    user database
    /usr/share/skel
    skeletal login directory

     

    SEE ALSO

    chpass(1), finger(1), passwd(1), aliases(5), passwd(5), adduser(8), pwd_mkdb8, vipw(8)  

    HISTORY

    The utility appeared in BSD 3.0  

    BUGS

    User information should (and eventually will) be stored elsewhere.


     

    Index

    NAME
    DESCRIPTION
    FILES
    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY
    BUGS


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