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glide ()
  • >> glide (4) ( Разные man: Специальные файлы /dev/* )
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    NAME

    glide - Glide video driver
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    Section N'34'DeviceN'34'
      Identifier N'34'devnameN'34'
      Driver N'34'glideN'34'
      ...
    EndSection
    
     

    READ THIS IF NOTHING ELSE

    This driver has a special requirement that needs to be fulfilled before it will work: You need Glide installed and you need to make a link for the libglide2x.so file. Read the second paragraph in the description below to find out how.  

    DESCRIPTION

    glide is an XFree86 driver for Glide capable video boards (such as 3Dfx Voodoo boards). This driver is mainly for Voodoo 1 and Voodoo 2 boards, later boards from 3Dfx have 2D built-in and you should preferably use a driver separate for those boards or the fbdev(4) driver. This driver is a bit special because Voodoo 1 and 2 boards are very much NOT made for running 2D graphics. Therefore, this driver uses no hardware acceleration (since there is no acceleration for 2D, only 3D). Instead it is implemented with the help of a "shadow" framebuffer that resides entirely in RAM. Selected portions of this shadow framebuffer are then copied out to the Voodoo board at the right time. Because of this, the speed of the driver is very dependent on the CPU. But since the CPU is nowadays actually rather fast at moving data, we get very good speed anyway, especially since the whole shadow framebuffer is in cached RAM.

    This driver requires that you have installed Glide. (Which can, at the time of this writing, be found at http://glide.xxedgexx.com/3DfxRPMS.html). Also, you need to tell XFree86 where the libglide2x.so file is placed by making a soft link in the /usr/X11R6/lib/modules directory that points to the libglide2x.so file. For example (if your libglide2x.so file is in /usr/lib):

    # ln -s /usr/lib/libglide2x.so /usr/X11R6/lib/modules

    If you have installed /dev/3dfx, the driver will be able to turn on the MTRR registers (through the glide library) if you have a CPU with such registers (see http://glide.xxedgexx.com/MTRR.html). This will speed up copying data to the Voodoo board by as much as 2.7 times and is very noticeable since this driver copies a lot of data... Highly recommended.

    This driver supports 16 and 24 bit color modes. The 24 bit color mode uses a 32 bit framebuffer (it has no support for 24 bit packed-pixel framebuffers). Notice that the Voodoo boards can only display 16 bit color, but the shadow framebuffer can be run in 24 bit color. The point of supporting 24 bit mode is that this enables you to run in a multihead configuration with Xinerama together with another board that runs in real 24 bit color mode. (All boards must run the same color depth when you use Xinerama).

    Resolutions supported are: 640x480, 800x600, 960x720, 1024x768, 1280x1024 and 1600x1200. Note that not all modes will work on all Voodoo boards. It seems that Voodoo 2 boards support no higher than 1024x768 and Voodoo 1 boards can go to 800x600. If you see a message like this in the output from the server:


      (EE) GLIDE(0): grSstWinOpen returned ...

    Then you are probably trying to use a resolution that is supported by the driver but not supported by the hardware.

    Refresh rates supported are: 60Hz, 75Hz and 85Hz. The refresh rate used is derived from the normal mode line according to the following table:

    Mode-line refresh rate
    Used refresh rate

       0-74 Hz

      60 Hz

      74-84 Hz

      75 Hz

      84-   Hz

      85 Hz

    Thus, if you use a modeline that for example has a 70Hz refresh rate you will only get a 60Hz refresh rate in actuality.

    Selecting which Voodoo board to use with the driver is done by using an option called "GlideDevice" in the "Device" section. (If you don't have this option present then the first board found will be selected for that Device section). For example: To use the first Voodoo board, use a "Device" section like this, for example:

    Section "Device"

       Identifier  "Voodoo"

       Driver      "glide"

       Option      "dpms" "on"

       Option      "GlideDevice" "0"
    EndSection

    And if you have more than one Voodoo board, add another "Device" section with a GlideDevice option with value 1, and so on. (You can use more than one Voodoo board, but SLI configured boards will be treated as a single board.)

    Multihead and Xinerama configurations are supported.

    Limited support for DPMS screen saving is available. The "standby" and "suspend" modes are just painting the screen black. The "off" mode turns the Voodoo board off and thus works correctly.

    This driver does not support a virtual screen size different from the display size.  

    SUPPORTED HARDWARE

    The glide driver supports any board that can be used with Glide (such as 3Dfx Voodoo boards)  

    CONFIGURATION DETAILS

    Please refer to XF86Config(5x) for general configuration details. This section only covers configuration details specific to this driver.

    The following driver Options are supported:

    Option N'34'OnAtExitN'34' N'34'booleanN'34'
    If true, will leave the Voodoo board on when the server exits. Useful in a multihead setup when only the Voodoo board is connected to a second monitor and you don't want that monitor to lose signal when you quit the server. Put this option in the Device section. Default: off.
    Option N'34'GlideDeviceN'34' N'34'integerN'34'
    Selects which Voodoo board to use. (Or boards, in an SLI configuration). The value should be 0 for the first board, 1 for the second and so on. If it is not present, the first Voodoo board found will be selected. Put this option in the Device section.
     

    EXAMPLE

    Here is an example of a part of an XF86Config file that uses a multihead configuration with two monitors. The first monitor is driven by the fbdev video driver and the second monitor is driven by the glide driver.


    Section "Monitor"

       Identifier      "Monitor 1"

       VendorName      "Unknown"

       ModelName       "Unknown"

       HorizSync       30-70

       VertRefresh     50-80


    # 1024x768 @ 76 Hz, 62.5 kHz hsync

       Modeline "1024x768" 85 1024 1032 1152 1360 768 784 787 823
    EndSection


    Section "Monitor"

       Identifier      "Monitor 2"

       VendorName      "Unknown"

       ModelName       "Unknown"

       HorizSync       30-70

       VertRefresh     50-80


    # 1024x768 @ 76 Hz, 62.5 kHz hsync

       Modeline "1024x768" 85 1024 1032 1152 1360 768 784 787 823
    EndSection


    Section "Device"

       Identifier  "fb"

       Driver      "fbdev"

       Option      "shadowfb"

       Option      "dpms" "on"
    # My video card is on the AGP bus which is usually
    # located as PCI bus 1, device 0, function 0.

       BusID       "PCI:1:0:0"
    EndSection


    Section "Device"
    # I have a Voodoo 2 board

       Identifier  "Voodoo"

       Driver      "glide"

       Option      "dpms" "on"
    # The next line says I want to use the first board.

       Option      "GlideDevice" "0"
    EndSection


    Section "Screen"

      Identifier    "Screen 1"


      Device        "fb"


      Monitor       "Monitor 1"


      DefaultDepth  16


      Subsection "Display"

        Depth       16


        Modes       "1024x768"


      EndSubSection
    EndSection


    Section "Screen"

      Identifier    "Screen 2"


      Device        "Voodoo"


      Monitor       "Monitor 2"


      DefaultDepth  16


      Subsection "Display"

        Depth       16


        Modes       "1024x768"


      EndSubSection
    EndSection


    Section "ServerLayout"

      Identifier    "Main Layout"

    # Screen 1 is to the right and screen 2 is to the left

      Screen        "Screen 2" 


      Screen        "Screen 1" "" "" "Screen 2" ""

    EndSection

    If you use this configuration file and start the server with the +xinerama command line option, the two monitors will be showing a single large area where windows can be moved between monitors and overlap from one monitor to the other. Starting the X server with the Xinerama extension can be done for example like this:

    $ xinit -- +xinerama  

    SEE ALSO

    XFree86(1), XF86Config(5x), xf86config(1), Xserver(1), X(7)  

    AUTHORS

    Author: Henrik Harmsen.


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    READ THIS IF NOTHING ELSE
    DESCRIPTION
    SUPPORTED HARDWARE
    CONFIGURATION DETAILS
    EXAMPLE
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHORS


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