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ports (7)
  • ports (1) ( Solaris man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • >> ports (7) ( FreeBSD man: Макропакеты и соглашения )

  • BSD mandoc
     

    NAME

    
    
    ports
    
     - contributed applications
    
     
    

    DESCRIPTION

    The Fx Ports Collection offers a simple way for users and administrators to install applications. Each port contains any patches necessary to make the original application source code compile and run on BSD . Compiling an application is as simple as typing make build in the port directory! The Makefile automatically fetches the application source code, either from a local disk or via FTP, unpacks it on your system, applies the patches, and compiles it. If all goes well, simply type make install to install the application.

    It is possible to download and use ports from the Fx repository that are newer than the installed system; however it is important to install the appropriate ``Upgrade Kit'' from http://www.FreeBSD.org/ports/ first! The portcheckout(1)PqPaports/ports-mgmt/portcheckout script (also a port, of course!) will help to download new ports.

    For more information about using ports, see ``Packages and Ports'' in "The FreeBSD Handbook" , ( file:/usr/share/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/ports.html or http://www.FreeBSD.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/ports.html ) For information about creating new ports, see "The Porter's Handbook" ( file:/usr/share/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/porters-handbook/index.html or http://www.FreeBSD.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/porters-handbook/ )  

    TARGETS

    Some of the targets work recursively through subdirectories. This lets you, for example, install all of the ``biology '' ports. The targets that do this are build , checksum , clean , configure depends , extract , fetch , install and package

    The following targets will be run automatically by each proceeding target in order. That is, build will be run (if necessary) by install and so on all the way to fetch Usually, you will only use the install target.

    config
    Configure OPTIONS for this port using dialog(1).
    fetch
    Fetch all of the files needed to build this port from the sites listed in MASTER_SITES and PATCH_SITES See FETCH_CMD , MASTER_SITE_OVERRIDE and MASTER_SITE_BACKUP
    checksum
    Verify that the fetched distfile's checksum matches the one the port was tested against. Defining NO_CHECKSUM will skip this step.
    depends
    Install (or compile if only compilation is necessary) any dependencies of the current port. When called by the extract or fetch targets, this is run in piecemeal as fetch-depends , build-depends etc. Defining NO_DEPENDS will skip this step.
    extract
    Expand the distfile into a work directory.
    patch
    Apply any patches that are necessary for the port.
    configure
    Configure the port. Some ports will ask you questions during this stage. See INTERACTIVE and BATCH
    build
    Build the port. This is the same as calling the all target.
    install
    Install the port and register it with the package system. This is all you really need to do.

    The following targets are not run during the normal install process.

    showconfig
    Display OPTIONS config for this port.
    showconfig-recursive
    Display OPTIONS config for this port and all its dependencies.
    rmconfig
    Remove OPTIONS config for this port.
    rmconfig-recursive
    Remove OPTIONS config for this port and all its dependencies.
    config-conditional
    Skip the ports which have already had their OPTIONS configured.
    config-recursive
    Configure OPTIONS for this port and all its dependencies using dialog(1).
    fetch-list
    Show list of files to be fetched in order to build the port.
    fetch-recursive
    Fetch the distfiles of the port and all its dependencies.
    fetch-recursive-list
    Show list of files that would be retrieved by fetch-recursive
    all-depends-list
    Print a list of all dependencies for the port.
    pretty-print-run-depends-list , pretty-print-build-depends-list
    Print a list of all the compile and run dependencies, and dependencies of those dependencies.
    missing
    Print a list of missing dependencies to be installed for the port.
    clean
    Remove the expanded source code. This recurses to dependencies unless NOCLEANDEPENDS is defined.
    distclean
    Remove the port's distfiles and perform the clean target. The clean portion recurses to dependencies unless NOCLEANDEPENDS is defined, but the distclean portion never recurses (this is perhaps a bug).
    reinstall
    Use this to restore a port after using pkg_delete1 when you should have used deinstall
    deinstall
    Remove an installed port from the system, similar to pkg_delete1.
    deinstall-all
    Remove all installed ports with the same PKGORIGIN from the system.
    package
    Make a binary package for the port. The port will be installed if it has not already been. The package is a .tbz file that you can use to install the port on other machines with pkg_add1. If the directory specified by PACKAGES does not exist, the package will be put into the current directory. See PKGREPOSITORY and PKGFILE
    package-recursive
    Like package but makes a package for each depending port as well.
    readmes
    Create a port's README.html This can be used from /usr/ports to create a browsable web of all ports on your system!
    search
    Search the INDEX file for the pattern specified by the key (searches the port name, comment, and dependencies), name (searches the port name only), path (searches the port path), info (searches the port info), maint (searches the port maintainer), cat (searches the port category), bdeps (searches the port build-time dependency), rdeps (searches the port run-time dependency), www (searches the port web site) make(1) variables, and their exclusion counterparts: xname , xkey etc. For example, one would type:

    "cd /usr/ports && make search name=query"

    to find all ports whose name matches ``query '' Results include the matching ports' path, comment, maintainer, build dependencies, and run dependencies.

    cd /usr/ports && make search name=pear- \
        xbdeps=apache
    

    To find all ports whose names contain ``pear- '' and which do not have apache listed in build-time dependencies.

    cd /usr/ports && make search name=pear- \
        xname='ht(tp|ml)'
    

    To find all ports whose names contain ``pear- '' but not ``html '' or ``http ''

    make search key=apache display=name,path,info keylim=1
    

    To find ports that contain ``apache '' in either of the name, path, info fields, ignore the rest of the record.

    By default the search is not case-nsensitive. In order to make it case-sensitive you can use the icase variable:

    make search name=p5-R icase=0
    
    quicksearch
    Reduced search output. Only display name, path and info.
    describe
    Generate a one-line description of each port for use in the INDEX file.
    maintainer
    Display the port maintainer's email address.
    index
    Create /usr/ports/INDEX which is used by the pretty-print-* and search targets. Running the index target will ensure your INDEX file is up to date with your ports tree.
    fetchindex
    Fetch the INDEX file from the Fx cluster.

     

    ENVIRONMENT

    You can change all of these.

    PORTSDIR
    Location of the ports tree. This is /usr/ports on Fx and Ox , and /usr/pkgsrc on Nx .
    WRKDIRPREFIX
    Where to create any temporary files. Useful if PORTSDIR is read-only (perhaps mounted from a CD-ROM).
    DISTDIR
    Where to find/put distfiles, normally distfiles/ in PORTSDIR
    PACKAGES
    Used only for the package target; the base directory for the packages tree, normally packages/ in PORTSDIR If this directory exists, the package tree will be (partially) constructed. This directory does not have to exist; if it does not, packages will be placed into the current directory, or you can define one of

    PKGREPOSITORY
    Directory to put the package in.
    PKGFILE
    The full path to the package.

    PREFIX
    Where to install things in general (usually /usr/local )
    MASTER_SITES
    Primary sites for distribution files if not found locally.
    PATCH_SITES
    Primary locations for distribution patch files if not found locally.
    MASTER_SITE_FREEBSD
    If set, go to the master Fx site for all files.
    MASTER_SITE_OVERRIDE
    Try going to these sites for all files and patches, first.
    MASTER_SITE_BACKUP
    Try going to these sites for all files and patches, last.
    RANDOMIZE_MASTER_SITES
    Try the download locations in a random order.
    MASTER_SORT
    Sort the download locations according to user supplied pattern. Example:
    .dk .sunet.se .se dk.php.net .no .de heanet.dl.sourceforge.net
    MASTER_SITE_INDEX
    Where to get INDEX source built on Fx cluster (for fetchindex target). Defaults to http://www.FreeBSD.org/ports/
    FETCHINDEX
    Command to get INDEX (for fetchindex target). Defaults to ``fetch -am ''
    NOCLEANDEPENDS
    If defined, do not let clean recurse to dependencies.
    FETCH_CMD
    Command to use to fetch files. Normally fetch(1).
    FORCE_PKG_REGISTER
    If set, overwrite any existing package registration on the system.
    MOTIFLIB
    Location of libXm. Brq a , so
    INTERACTIVE
    If defined, only operate on a port if it requires interaction.
    BATCH
    If defined, only operate on a port if it can be installed 100% automatically.
    DISABLE_VULNERABILITIES
    If defined, disable check for security vulnerabilities using portaudit(1)PqPaports/ports-mgmt/portaudit when installing new ports.
    NO_IGNORE
    If defined, allow installation of ports marked as Aq Va FORBIDDEN . The default behavior of the Ports framework is to abort when the installation of a forbidden port is attempted. Of course, these ports may not work as expected, but if you really know what you are doing and are sure about installing a forbidden port, then NO_IGNORE lets you do it.
    PORT_DBDIR
    Directory where the results of configuring OPTIONS are stored. Defaults to /var/db/ports Each port where OPTIONS have been configured will have a uniquely named sub-directory, containing a single file options

     

    FILES

    /usr/ports
    The default ports directory ( Fx and Ox ) .
    /usr/pkgsrc
    The default ports directory (Nx )
    /usr/ports/Mk/bsd.port.mk
    The big Kahuna.

     

    SEE ALSO

    make(1), pkg_add1, pkg_create1, pkg_delete1, pkg_info1, pkg_version1

    The following are part of the ports collection:

    portaudit(1), portcheckout(1), portlint(1)

    "The FreeBSD Handbook"

    http://www.FreeBSD.org/ports (searchable index of all ports)  

    HISTORY

    The Ports Collection appeared in Fx 1.0 . It has since spread to Nx and Ox .  

    AUTHORS

    An -nosplit This manual page was originated by An David O'Brien .  

    BUGS

    Ports documentation is split over four places --- /usr/ports/Mk/bsd.port.mk "The Porter's Handbook" , the ``Packages and Ports'' chapter of "The FreeBSD Handbook" , and this manual page.


     

    Index

    NAME
    DESCRIPTION
    TARGETS
    ENVIRONMENT
    FILES
    SEE ALSO
    HISTORY
    AUTHORS
    BUGS


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