Интерактивная система просмотра системных руководств (man-ов)
>> xawtv (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
xawtv - a X11 program for watching TV
xawtv [ options ] [ station name ]
is a X11 application for watching TV with your unix box. It uses the
All command line options also have a Resource, so you can put them
into your .Xdefaults file too.
Print a short description of all command line options.
Print a list of available devices.
startup in fullscreen mode.
Resource: xawtv.fullscreen (bool).
don't read the config file ($HOME/.xawtv).
Resource: xawtv.readconfig (bool).
-o, -outfile base
set basestring for the snapshot output files. The filename will be
Resource: xawtv.basename (string).
-c, -device device
set video4linux device (default is /dev/video0). This option also
disables Xvideo support.
Resource: xawtv.device (string).
-C, -dspdev device
set audio device (default is /dev/dsp).
Resource: xawtv.dspdev (string).
set vbi device (default is /dev/vbi).
Resource: xawtv.vbidev (string).
-c, -xvport number
set Xvideo port (defaults to the first usable if Xvideo is available).
This option also enables Xvideo support.
Resource: xawtv.xvport (int).
joystick device to use for controlling xawtv.
Resource: xawtv.joydev (string).
-v, -debug level
may be 0 (default), 1 or 2. It exists just for debugging and
Resource: xawtv.debug (int).
X11 display is remote. This basically disables overlay mode, you
might need this if xawtv failes to autodetect a remote X11 display.
Resource: xawtv.remote (bool).
-b, -bpp n
force xawtv into
bpp color depth. Works for switching between 15/16 and 24/32 bpp.
This gets just passed through to v4l-conf(1).
Resource: xawtv.bpp (int).
Shift the video display by
bytes. Try this if your video display is'nt within the xawtv window,
some older matrox cards show this problem. This gets passed through
to v4l-conf(1) too.
Resource: xawtv.shift (int).
Use the framebuffer device to determine the video framebuffer address
(instead of the DGA extention). Yet another pass through argument.
Resource: xawtv.fbdev (bool).
enable/disable the usage of the Xvideo extention (for overlay),
default is on.
Resource: xawtv.xvideo (bool).
enable/disable the usage of the Xvideo extention (for hardware scaling
in grabdisplay mode), default is on.
Resource: xawtv.hwscale (bool).
enable/disable the usage of the VidMode extention, default is off.
If there is a fullscreen video mode configured in the config file,
the vidmode extention will be enabled automatically.
Resource: xawtv.vidmode (bool).
enable/disable the usage of the DGA extention, default is on.
Resource: xawtv.dga (bool).
use n compression threads (default: one).
Resource: xawtv.parallel (int).
The usual Toolkit options like -geometry are supported too.
SUPPORTED HARDWARE / INTERFACES
video4linux - the linux video capture API.
video4linux two - new, improved capture interface which fixes a number
of v4l design bugs.
FreeBSD / OpenBSD driver for bt848/878 grabber cards.
X11 Extention for video devices. Note that the Xvideo extention does
support overlay only, you can't capture images/movies if the Xvideo
extention is used. On the other hand this is the only way to scaled
video overlay (i.e. fullscreen without black borders @ 1024x748) if
both hardware and xfree86 driver support it. See README.xfree4 for
more details and hints on how to setup Xvideo.
Just start xawtv. Then verify the settings in the options menu (right
mouse button) and adjust the settings (TV norm, Video source, freqency
table). With the cursor keys you can control the tuner and look for
TV Stations. Other useful hotkeys are listed below.
The hotkey 'E' will show the channel editor where you can create/edit
entries your TV stations. Don't forget to click on "save" to write a
config file. You can also create/edit a config file with any text
editor, see xawtvrc(5) for a description of the config file syntax.
There are a number of config options which can only be set by editing
the config file.
You can also check out scantv. That's a command line tool which
will perform a channel scan and write out a xawtv config file with
all channels it has found.
The left mouse button will popup a menu with all TV stations found in
the config file. The middle button switches to the next station. The
right button brings up a window with alot of options and control
V Video (Capture) on/off
A Audio on/off
F Fullscreen on/off
G Grab picture (full size, ppm)
J Grab picture (full size, jpeg)
Ctrl+G Grab picture (window size, ppm)
Ctrl+J Grab picture (window size, jpeg)
O Popup Options Window
C Popup Channels Window
E Popup Channel Editor
R Popup AVI Recording Window
Z Channel Hopper (zapping, tune in every
station a few seconds)
Ctrl+Z Fast Channel Hopping (grab the images for the
up/down tune up/down one channel
left/right fine tuning
pgup/pgdown station up/down (the ones you have in the config file)
space next station (same as pgup)
backspace previously tuned station
Ctrl+up scan for next station
F5-F12 adjust bright/hue/contrast/color
+/- Volume up/down (keypad)
Enter mute (keypad)
Bug reports with images attached go to /dev/null unseen.
xawtv depends on a correct driver configuration. If you can't tune TV
stations even if the settings in the options window are correct it is
very likely a driver issue.
The mono/stereo display is not reliable due to v4l API
restrictions. The API can not report back the current audio mode, but
a list of the currently available modes. xawtv just does a guess
based on that, assuming the driver uses the best available mode.
Depending on your hardware this might not be true. If in doubt
whenever stereo really works, please tune in MTV and listen,
don't trust what xawtv says.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.