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arpwatch (8)
  • arpwatch (8) ( Русские man: Команды системного администрирования )
  • >> arpwatch (8) ( Linux man: Команды системного администрирования )
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    NAME

    arpwatch - keep track of ethernet/ip address pairings
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    arpwatch [ -dN ] [ -f datafile ] [ -i interface ]

             [ -n net[/width ]] [ -r file ]  

    DESCRIPTION

    Arpwatch keeps track for ethernet/ip address pairings. It syslogs activity and reports certain changes via email. Arpwatch uses pcap(3) to listen for arp packets on a local ethernet interface.

    The -d flag is used enable debugging. This also inhibits forking into the background and emailing the reports. Instead, they are sent to stderr.

    The -f flag is used to set the ethernet/ip address database filename. The default is arp.dat.

    The -i flag is used to override the default interface.

    The -n flag specifies additional local networks. This can be useful to avoid "bogon" warnings when there is more than one network running on the same wire. If the optional width is not specified, the default netmask for the network's class is used.

    The -N flag disables reporting any bogons.

    The -r flag is used to specify a savefile (perhaps created by tcpdump(8) or pcapture(8)) to read from instead of reading from the network. In this case, arpwatch does not fork.

    Note that an empty arp.dat file must be created before the first time you run arpwatch.

     

    REPORT MESSAGES

    Here's a quick list of the report messages generated by arpwatch(8) (and arpsnmp(8)):
    new activity
    This ethernet/ip address pair has been used for the first time six months or more.
    new station
    The ethernet address has not been seen before.
    flip flop
    The ethernet address has changed from the most recently seen address to the second most recently seen address. (If either the old or new ethernet address is a DECnet address and it is less than 24 hours, the email version of the report is suppressed.)
    changed ethernet address
    The host switched to a new ethernet address.
     

    SYSLOG MESSAGES

    Here are some of the syslog messages; note that messages that are reported are also sysloged.
    ethernet broadcast
    The mac ethernet address of the host is a broadcast address.
    ip broadcast
    The ip address of the host is a broadcast address.
    bogon
    The source ip address is not local to the local subnet.
    ethernet broadcast
    The source mac or arp ethernet address was all ones or all zeros.
    ethernet mismatch
    The source mac ethernet address didn't match the address inside the arp packet.
    reused old ethernet address
    The ethernet address has changed from the most recently seen address to the third (or greater) least recently seen address. (This is similar to a flip flop.)
    suppressed DECnet flip flop
    A "flip flop" report was suppressed because one of the two addresses was a DECnet address.
     

    FILES

    /usr/operator/arpwatch - default directory
    arp.dat - ethernet/ip address database
    ethercodes.dat - vendor ethernet block list
    
     

    SEE ALSO

    arpsnmp(8), arp(8), bpf(4), tcpdump(1), pcapture(1), pcap(3)  

    AUTHORS

    Craig Leres of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Network Research Group, University of California, Berkeley, CA.

    The current version is available via anonymous ftp:

    ftp://ftp.ee.lbl.gov/arpwatch.tar.gz
     

    BUGS

    Please send bug reports to arpwatch@ee.lbl.gov.

    Attempts are made to suppress DECnet flip flops but they aren't always successful.

    Most error messages are posted using syslog.


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    REPORT MESSAGES
    SYSLOG MESSAGES
    FILES
    SEE ALSO
    AUTHORS
    BUGS


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