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Connect to MS SQL 6.x+ via Openlink/PHP/ODBC mini-HOWTO

Zili Zhang,
v2.0b, 15 July 1999(
v1.0b,  5 June 1999(

How to connect to MS SQL 6.x+ database server via ODBC functions of
PHP3(3.0.1x or above) compiled
with Openlink drivers under Linux.

1. Disclaimer
2. Changlog
3. Introduction
4. Openlink
5. PHP
6. Example
7. FAQ

1. Disclaimer
The following document is offered in good faith as comprising only safe
and procedures. No responsibility is accepted by the author for any loss
or damage
caused in any way to any person or equipment, as a direct or indirect
consequence of
following these instructions.

2. ChangeLog
  A. iODBC is not required to make things work.
  B. No missing *.h files, so do not need to modify unified_odbc.h of
  C. Example code changes, discarding odbc_num_rows() function.
  D. Explicit announce support for MS SQL 7.0.
  E. FAQ section added.

3. Introduction
In the Unix world, people may hate to be invoked with any M$ related
software. However,
in the real world, the boss may require you to store data in a MS SQL
database on NT
and run web application on Linux. What to do? Quit the job or sit down
to read this
document? If you choose latter, I will give you a detailed installation
guide so that
you can keep the job for a while. It is a How-to guide, not a Why-so
guide. So don't ask
me why abc instead of cba. I don't know either. :>

PHP is becoming more and more popular in web programmers, mainly because
it can be configured
to connect to various databases like Oracle, MySQL, Solid and so on. But
for a MS SQL
server, the problem is different. Though you can use PHP's Sybase-ct
support features
to directly connect to MSSQL, many people(at least me) prefers to
connect via ODBC.

Utilizing Openlink ODBC middleware, you can use those ODBC_xxxx
functions to connect to all the database Openlink has a driver for. You
have to install
 Openlink Linux client and Server middleware and re-compile PHP
to support ODBC functions. In the end, I made a script sample for

4. Openlink
This step is a little bit complicated. You have to done works on both
sides of your
Linux client machine and NT server.
4.1 On the client end:
a. From, download and likoxglc.taz
(for a libc6 system) or likoxxxx.taz(for a libc5 system).
b. mkdir /usr/local/openlink
c. copy and likoxglc.taz into /usr/local/openlink
d. cd /usr/local/openlink
e. sh, the install script will ask you the owner and group of
the program.
It will extract things to odbcsdk directory under /usr/local/openlink
and copy a
.odbc.ini into the owner's home directory.

4.2 On the server end:
a. From, download into your NT
b. unzip
c. cd disk1 directory of where you unzip the package.
d. execute setup and follow the instructions to install the Openlink
e. remember to start Openlink request broker from start menu or service

4.3 Configuration before test
a. keep the .odbc.ini in your home directory.
b. copy the udbc.ini file from the bin directory of Openlink middleware
directory to the /etc directory of client.
c. customize /etc/udbc.ini. In [dsn_sql6] section, change the host,
database, username
and password entries to fit your server settings. Here is part of my
Host            =
ServerType      = sql6
;ServerOptions  =
Database        = pubs
;FetchBufferSize = 30
UserName        = sa
Password        = xxxxxxx
d. add in your environment
LD_LIBRARY_PATH='/usr/local/openlink/odbcsdk/lib' and export
it. In csh shell, type: setenv LD_LIBRARY_PATH

4.4 Test with odbctest
a. cd /usr/local/openlink/odbcsdk/examples
b. ./odbctest
c. type dsn=dsn_sql6
d. when 'sql>' appears, you can execute your sql clauses to test the

5. PHP
Now we have Openlink and can go to PHP compilation. Note for this
version, PHP
3.0.10 or above is required to make things work.
a. From, download php-3.0.11.tar.gz
b. gzip -dc php-3.0.11.tar.gz|tar -xof -
c. cd php-3.0.11
d. ./configure --with-openlink (--with-mysql --with-gd=/usr/local/gd1.3
--enable-track-vars) my configuration is to run PHP as CGI mode, support
mysql, gd
as well. Your configuration may be different.
e. make --silent(don't mind if there are warning messages)
f. make install
These will install php executable into /usr/local/bin. Before you
execute php, copy
the library files under /usr/local/openlink/odbcsdk/lib into /usr/lib to
make it easier
for php to find openlink libraries(I know there are better methods :>).

6. Example
Please refers to PHP manual for ODBC functions. Here is my example code
(Note that odbc_num_rows() will not return anything, so you must
repeately call
odbc_fetch_row() to get that number.)

"; if($result_id=odbc_do($conn_id, $sql)) { echo "executing '$sql'

"; $num_fields=odbc_num_fields($result_id); if($num_fields>0){ echo "Number of fields: $num_fields
"; for($i=1;$i<=$num_fields;$i++){ $field_name[$i-1]=odbc_field_name($result_id,$i); } $num_rows=0; while(odbc_fetch_row($result_id)){ for($i=1;$i<=$num_fields;$i++){ $result[$num_rows][$field_name[$i-1]]=odbc_result($result_id,$i); } $num_rows++; } echo "Number of rows: $num_rows
"; }else{ echo "not a field returned.

"; } echo "Results:
"; for($i=0;$i"; } } echo "freeing result

"; odbc_free_result($result_id); }else{ echo "can not execute '$sql'

"; } echo "closing connection $conn_id"; odbc_close($conn_id); }else{ echo "can not connect to DSN: $dsn

"; } ?> 7. FAQ a. Q: does this exact procedure work for MSSQL 7.0? A: Yes, Openlink will upgrade their software to 7.0, but I don't know when. b. Q: I didn\'t know that MSSQL knows how to return the number of rows in the result, can it? A: In methods of 1.0b, yes. In 2.0b, no. c. Q: i followed your "openlink-php-odbc.txt" step by step to install the openlink drivers but i stop by step 4.2 (install After installed ntadm65x i try to start the OpenLink Request Broker i got the error unable to open the service control manager <5> press RETURN to exit oplrqb Could you please tell me how can i fix that Problem ? A: This should be a problem with NT itself. try restart the computer and then start openlink service from Control Panel/service manager.

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